The primary way to treat glaucoma, and prevent or slow the progression of vision loss, is by decreasing eye pressure. This can be often be achieved by medications; however, in some patients, glaucoma laser or surgery is needed to lower the eye pressure to a safer range.
This page describes the most common laser and surgical options. The type of surgery that is best suited for a particular patient is based on many factors such as the type of glaucoma, eye pressure goal, shape of the eye, and prior eye surgeries, amongst other factors. Therefore it is best to discuss whether you are a candidate for a particular type of laser or surgery with your doctor.